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Kihon

 

Kihon is the practice of fundamental techniques: blocking, punching, striking, and kicking. These techniques are the beginning and end of karate - a karateka (practitioner of karate) may learn them in a matter of months, yet fail to master them after a life's worth of training. Hence, basic techniques demand regular practice, applied with as much concentration and effort as possible.

 

Form. Balance and stability are necessary to basic techniques. Kicking - in which one leg supports the entire body - is an example of technique that depends on the karateka's sense of balance. Karate movements involve shifting the body's center of gravity, which demands good balance and control of the body. In addition, the karateka requires stable joints, stances and posture to deliver (for withstand) maximum impact in (or from) a blow.


Power and speed. Karate would be meaningless without time, the ability to concentrate the greatest amount of force at the point of attack (or block). Those with great muscular strength do not excel at karate, if they never learn to use their muscles power through kime. In addition, the karateka's power is directly related to speed of her techniques. However, speed is ineffective without proper control.

 

Concentration and relaxation of power. The karateka cannot generate maximum power if her punches rely on the arm's muscles alone, or her kicks on the leg's muscles alone. The greatest level of power comes from concentrating all of the karateka's strength, from every part of the body, on the target. In addition, the karateka must generate power efficiently, using power when and where it is needed.

 

Maximum power is required only at the point of impact. Until then, the karateka should stay relaxed and avoid generating unnecessary power. By tensing the wrong parts of the body or tensing at the wrong time, the karateka only diminishes the amount of power that goes into her block or attack. While she is relaxed, the karateka should stay mentally alert.

 

Strengthening muscle power:The karateka must not only understand the principles of kihon, she must give them effect with strong, elastic muscles. Strong muscles demand constant, earnest training. They also require the karateka to know which muscles to use in her techniques: well-trained muscles will lead to strong and effective karate.

 

Rhythm and timing: Karate has its own rhythm that karateka should come to recognize and understand. No technique takes place in isolation; in combining basic techniques, the karateka should pay attention to the timing of her techniques as well as the techniques themselves. A master karateka's movements not only contain a great deal of power but also rhythm and, in their own way, beauty. A sense of rhythm and timing will help the karateka understand the techniques and the art in general.

 

Hips: The hips are a crucial, yet oft-neglected component in execution karate techniques. Hip rotation adds power to the upper body, and is thus essential to strong blocks and punches. The hips' proximity to the body's center of gravity make them the foundation of strong, stable movements, good balance, and proper form. The karateka cannot move as smoothly, quickly, or powerfully if the hips are passive. For this reason, teachers often remind their students to "block with your hips," "punch with your hips," and "kick from your hips."

 

Breathing: The karateka should coordinate breathing with her techniques. Breathing enhances the karateka's ability to relax and concentrate maximum power in her techniques. Correct breathing - fully exhaling when finishing a strike, for example - is necessary to developing kime. The karateka should not breathe in a uniform manner; her breathing should change with the situation. Proper inhaling fills the lungs completely. Proper exhaling leaves the lungs about 20 percent full - exhaling completely makes the body limp, leaving the karateka vulnerable to even a weak attack.

 

Our Affiliations

World Karate Federation International World Games Association Japan Shotokan Karate-Do Kanninjuku Organisation Japan
Asian Karatedo Federation
Government Of India & Indian Olympic Association
International Olympic Committee Karate Association of India
South Asian Karatedo Federation (SAKF)
Self Defence Education Trust
International Olympic
Sportaccord International Federations Union
World Karate Federation International World Games Association Japan Shotokan Karate-Do Kanninjuku Organisation Japan
Asian Karatedo Federation
Government Of India & Indian Olympic Association
International Olympic Committee Karate Association of India
South Asian Karatedo Federation (SAKF)
Self Defence Education Trust
International Olympic
Sportaccord International Federations Union
World Karate Federation International World Games Association Japan Shotokan Karate-Do Kanninjuku Organisation Japan
Asian Karatedo Federation
Government Of India & Indian Olympic Association
International Olympic Committee Karate Association of India
South Asian Karatedo Federation (SAKF)
Self Defence Education Trust
International Olympic
Sportaccord International Federations Union